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Wild green anoles are found in much of the southeastern United States, ranging from extreme southeastern Virginia to the Florida Keys and west toward southern Texas. There are also a few introduced populations of green anoles on several Caribbean islands, Oahu, and northeastern Mexico.
Green anoles were once referred to as “American chameleons.” They are not chameleons, but they do have one important trait in common: they can change color. Green anoles can turn from green to brown, or brown to green, in about one minute. Generally, the color changes correspond to the mood and temperature of the animal. Anoles are brown when they are sleeping or cold, and they are green when they are active or warm.