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In general, treefrogs seem to suffer from fewer diseases and disorders than most other reptiles. However, when they do get sick, it is usually fatal. This is not because the diseases are mostly incurable but because the illness was not noticed and treated until it was too late. In the remainder of this article, you can learn more about diseases and disorders that commonly affect green treefrogs and how to care for your pet if he is suffering from one of these ailments.
Maintaining a proper level of humidity in your treefrog’s terrarium is an important part of keeping your pet healthy. If the levels are off, it will not take long for your treefrog to become dehydrated. Symptoms include a darkening of the skin color, wrinkled and dry skin, closed eyes, and a complete lack of movement. If your frog is dehydrated, place him in a shallow dish of clean water. As he soaks, mist his back every once in a while to help with the hydrating and to remove any pieces of substrate or mucus that may have accumulated on his back. To prevent this from happening again, work on adjusting the humidity levels in your tank.
Bacterial infections are most likely to occur when your treefrog is extremely stressed. A normal, healthy frog’s immune system will generally be able to fight off unhealthy bacteria, but a stressed frog’s immune system will be weakened to the point that bacteria can easily attack. Common symptoms of bacterial infections include unexplained sores, lesions, and festering wounds. If your frog is exhibiting any of these symptoms, a trip to the veterinarian is pertinent. Treatments may include injections or medicated sprays, which can be absorbed through the skin.
Red-leg disease is caused by long-term exposure to unhealthy conditions, which can include unsanitary conditions, cold temperatures, excessive moisture, or a variety of other circumstances. Symptoms of this disease include a red rash or discoloration on the thighs and toe pads of the frog’s hind legs and belly. The red color is a result of internal hemorrhaging caused by a bacterial infection. This disease can also manifest itself in listlessness, disinterest in eating, and bloating. If you think your treefrog may be suffering from red-leg disease, consult a veterinarian as soon as possible.
Metabolic Bone Disease
A green treefrog that has gone too long without sufficient amounts of calcium or vitamin D in his diet is susceptible to metabolic bone disease. Symptoms include soft bones, sagging jaw, sprawled hind legs, inability to feed, and generally listlessness. Veterinary care proves helpful in most cases that are caught early on. Treatment may include dietary supplements of bird hand-feeding formula injected into the frog’s stomach. To avoid this problem, make sure your treefrog is getting all of the nutrients that his body requires.
For more information on green treefrog healthcare, read Quick & Easy Green Treefrog Care (T.F.H. Publications, Inc.).